Dr. Patricia B. Arinto
Professor Patricia B. Arinto is Dean of the Faculty of Education of the University of the
Philippines - Open University (UPOU) where she teaches courses on the foundations of distance
education, learning theories and instructional design, and online teaching. She is also the deputy
principal investigator of the ROER4D (Research on Open Educational Resources for Development
in Post-secondary Education in the Global South) project funded by the International Development
Research Centre of Canada (IDRC).
Over the past 15 years she has designed training programs on
technology-supported teaching and learning for secondary school teachers, university faculty, and
teachers in the alternative learning system in the Philippines, Cambodia, and Lao People’s Democratic
Republic; and she has led research programs on ICT (information and communications technologies)
integration in Philippine schools. She has authored conference papers, plenary presentations,
book chapters, and journal articles on course design and faculty development in distance education;
and she has served as peer reviewer for the International Review of Research in Open and
Distributed Learning (IRRODL), editorial board member of the AAOU Journal and ASEAN Journal
of Open and Distance Learning, and co-editor of the Digital Review of Asia Pacific.
||Distance Education and e-Learning: The potential contribution of Open Educational Resources
Across the globe, higher education students are struggling with the increasing cost of textbooks in both
campus-based and distance-education settings, both of which increasingly utilise e-learning approaches.
Educators are being challenged to select or develop relevant, up-to-date and affordable teaching and learning
materials in order to overcome the growing crisis in affordable and context-relevant textbook provision. Moreover
there is a growing need for multi-modal educational resources that optimise the affordances of information
communication technologies and mobile devices. The emergence of Open Educational Resources (OER) provides innovative
opportunities to address these challenges.
OER are teaching and learning materials that are free to use and may be legally copied, customised and/or combined
with other openly licensed resources to meet specific educational needs. These resources are differentiated from
copyright-protected resources available online which may be free to access, but cannot be legally copied, translated
or re-distributed to suit local requirements.
There is growing evidence in the literature around the benefit of OER in terms of adoption and impact, particularly
as relates to cost savings of textbooks, in the Global North (Hilton, Robinson, Wiley & Ackerman, 2014), but a
dearth of evidence exists on how OER is being adopted and whether it is making a contribution to addressing the
educational challenges of the Global South.
This keynote address will draw on preliminary insights from the Research on Open Educational Resources for
Development (ROER4D) project in South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, South Asia and Southeast Asia. The ROER4D project
was established to gather evidence of students’ and educators’ knowledge of and engagement with OER, and how this
impacts upon a range of educational aspects including the cost of materials, quality of materials, teaching practice
and student performance. The address will focus on technical, pedagogical and legal issues that seem to enable
and/or inhibit creation, customisation (e.g. translation, localisation), integration (combination with other OER),
curation, and contribution of OER to publicly accessible platforms. It will highlight the extent to which OER is
being adopted in distance education and e-learning in the Global South and identify the key impact factors.